By deploying smarter technologies, the government and other administrative authorities can gather city intelligence and this intel could be integrated with operations to make the cities smarter and safer.
Here in this article, we will discuss how Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Internet of Things, and Artificial Intelligence help in building smart cities.
1) Information and Communication Technology (ICT)
Having a two-way communication channel is an important factor for making Smart Cities, and this brings in the deployment of Information and Communication Technology.
ICT acts as a catalyst between the government and its citizens, where the citizens carry out interactions with the government and in return, helps in building the city based upon the insights from the citizens.
ICT can also help the government to determine the demand pattern and then accordingly creating a resource pool for addressing it online. The electronic medium of communication helps in having a collective intelligence that can be implemented for resource optimization using analytics and deep learning.
2) Internet of Things (IoT)
In an IoT ecosystem, every device in the Smart City needs to be connected with each other, so that they ‘talk’ with each other and accordingly take decisions. This in return, helps in managing the resources that are needed to cater to the population.
IoT helps in providing the perfect platform for communicating devices that provide smart solutions to commonly occurring issues. The solutions present in a Smart City ecosystem are based on IoT where they remain inter-connected are ‘smart’ enough to decide their actions.
3) Artificial Intelligence (AI)
Smart City is often referred to as a digital revolution that generates a huge volume of data. This data needs to be processed for generating information and this data volume calls for AI that can create sense out of this data.
AI has enabled machine-to-machine interactions by processing data and gaining the key insights out of it. AI is also playing a key role in managing traffic intelligently and also healthcare facilities.